Book: Peter Jackson & the Making of Middle-Earth

By Jeppe Kleijngeld

The Lord of the Rings trilogy has been the biggest movie event of my generation. By far. Strange to think that it almost didn’t happen. An initial 200 million dollar budget for the director of splatter horror Bad Taste (one of my favorites), was too much of a risk for any Hollywood studio to take. Then Bob Shaye, CEO of New Line Cinema, took a giant leap of faith….

Ian Nathan’s Anything You Can Imagine describes Peter Jackson’s heroic quest that started more than 20 years ago. After he had completed Heavenly Creatures – a critical success that showed he could handle an emotional story – and ghost movie The Frighteners – that lead to the foundation of special effects houses Weta Digital and Weta Workshop in New Zealand – the now hot director selected Rings as one of his new projects to pursue (the others were new versions of two ape classics: King Kong and Planet of the Apes).

Development of The Lord of the Rings started off at Miramax, together with the notorious Weinstein brothers who approached the project with numerous Tony Soprano tactics. Especially Harvey. Problems arose when the Weinsteins couldn’t raise more than 75 million dollars for the initial plan of a two movie adaptation which wasn’t nearly enough. After Jackson understandably refused to make it into one large movie, the Hollywood mogul and Kiwi director had a fall out. Then Jackson’s US manager Ken Kamiss negotiated with Harvey Weinstein and they got four weeks to strike a deal with another studio. This became the now legendary deal with New Line Cinema, who gambled the studio’s future on the project. It was New Line’s Bob Shaye who suggested they make it into three rather than two movies. The Weinsteins got a great bargain out of it: big time profits and their names on the movies’ credits.

So began the longest and most exhaustive production in the history of motion pictures. No studio had ever attempted to shoot a whole trilogy in one go, for good reasons. “Had we known in advance how much we would have to do, we would have never done it”, said Jackson. But a strong passion and drive by the entire cast and crew to bring Tolkien’s world to the big screen in the best possible way they could, eventually lead to a glorious result. Nobody expected it to become that good.

I remember being completely blown away at every screening back in 2001, 2002 and 2003. These movies are absolutely perfect. The first time I saw the fellowship march on Howard Shore’s brilliant score. The wondrous Gollum crawling into frame in the beginning of The Two Towers. The Rohirrim’s epic assault at the Pelennor Fields… And so many other magic moments forever branded in the collective cinematic consciousness. Jackson gave me and my generation a cinematic experience that could match, or even exceed, the excitement of the original Star Wars trilogy.

In The Two Towers, when Gandalf returns from death, he explains to his baffled friends: “I have been sent back until my task is done.” These words are not directly from Tolkien, but from screenwriters Fran Walsh, Peter Jackson and Philippa Boyens. They emphasized fate as one of the core themes of the story: “Bilbo was meant to find the ring. In which case you were also meant to have it. And that is an encouraging thought.” However pragmatic these New-Zealanders may be, fate was their compass in making those movies. Many chance encounters paved the way, major obstacles arose during production, but they overcame them all. It took the toughness of the bravest of hobbits to drive this one home. Even the conservative Academy didn’t fail to notice what they accomplished, and The Return of the King was awarded 11 major Oscars (except those for acting, the outstanding ensemble cast made it tough to single out any one actor).

Years later, fate lead to Jackson directing The Hobbit and so he had the ‘once in a lifetime experience’ twice (but there won’t be a third time, he has said). Jackson and his loyal team never expected to make better movies than Rings. They made The Hobbit to satisfy the fans. And they did for most part. To them, Jackson is a hero. A maverick filmmaker with an unique vision and the drive and mental toughness to accomplish things previously undreamed of. Jackson and his fellowship of collaborators reminded Hollywood on how to make really major cinema. They also put New-Zealand firmly on the map as country where movies and special effects are dreamt up.

Because special effects are Jackson’s big thing. He discovered the magic of filmmaking when he was nine years old and saw the original King Kong on television. Since that moment, he worked non-stop on creating special effects in his garage and eventually he completed a whole movie (Bad Taste) which became a cult hit. However successful his career got since, he never stopped aiming to satisfy that nine year old boy. In making The Lord of the Rings, he focused on making movies that he would enjoy himself. Even though he is a brilliant, technical craftsman and storyteller, his youthful energy is what really catapults his films from merely good to terrific.

With The Lord of the Rings, he wrote movie history. Anything you can imagine perfectly captures this history of how an outsider succeeded wildly in Hollywood. Much like the heroes of his story, he did it by staying true to himself. He may not have had to face the horrific challenges Frodo had, but at times it certainly came close. Sometimes you need an unlikely hero to change the course of history. And very much like his protagonist Frodo Baggins, Peter Jackson certainly fits that bill.

Bad Taste

Director: Peter Jackson
Written by: Ken Hammon, Tony Hiles, Peter Jackson
Cast: Terry Potter, Pete O’Herne, Craig Smith, Mike Minett

Year / Country: 1987, New Zealand
Running Time: 88 mins.

The Lord of the Rings isn’t the only movie-project Peter Jackson worked on for years. His debut Bad Taste, an amateur movie turned cult classic, took him four years to complete. Jackson and his friends shot it on weekends. The title says it all; a clan of extraterrestrials, under management of Lord Crump of Crump’s Country Delights, land in New Zealand because they think that with the delicacy of human flesh they will conquer the universe. But the government sends an anti-alien force and it’s splatter galore.

Bad Taste was filmed with amateur cameras and it shows. Still, because of Jackson’s dedication and perfectionism, the movie runs like clockwork; the steadicam shots and editing are done excellently. Also the improvised – no budget – special effects are very impressive. It’s even got an exploding sheep! True New Zealand style. You don’t have to look very closely to see that Jackson is a young master at work here. With his very own airbrush I might add. The gore is definitely not suitable for all stomachs.

Jackson felt he couldn’t let his friends do all the acting, so he took on one of the main parts himself. Derek (“Derek’s don’t run”) is a twisted maniac, who’s so devoted to saving planet Earth, that he is willing to kill and torture as many aliens as he can in the process. He is having as much twisted fun as his creator is. Jackson said in an interview one time that he would love to make Bad Taste 2. Let’s hope that he does, because it will be a blast to see Derek and the boys take on a new Lord Crump. “Those bloody bastards!”


Biography: Peter Jackson (1961, Pukerua Bay, New Zealand) started making films at around the age of eight. His early short films already featured special effects that would become one of Jackson’s trademarks. Together with friends and family he worked on his first feature length movie Bad Taste which took him four years to complete. What had started as a joke became a cult classic and opened many doors for Jackson. He then made a number of professional horror films, including genre classic Braindead. Then he embarked on one of the most ambitious movie projects of all time; The Lord of the Rings trilogy. Jackson succeeded with glory and the three LOTR films were enormously successful. He continued with a remake of the film that inspired him the most as a filmmaker: King Kong.

Filmography (a selection): The Valley (1976, short) / Bad Taste (1987) / Meet The Feebles (1989) / Braindead (1992) / Heavenly Creatures (1994) / Forgotten Silver (1995) / The Frighteners (1996) / The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) / The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) / The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) / King Kong (2005) / The Lovely Bones (2009) / The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) / The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013) / The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014) / They Shall Not Grow Old (2018, doc) / The Beatles: Get Back (2021, TV Mini Series)